gin’.” I heard a presentation by an ISO auditor who said he
failed over 50 percent of the organizations that were making
the transition from being certified under ISO 9001:2008 to being certified under ISO 9001:2015. One of the biggest causes
of failure was not applying the concepts of risk-based thinking
to the quality management system. I do not know whether
these organizations failed to apply the concepts of risk-based
thinking or used an informal risk-based thinking process that
failed to meet the auditor’s expectations.
I find these actions disconcerting because we typically ap-
ply risk principles in our everyday activities, even though we
may not use a formal process for risk analysis. A formal risk-
based approach to food safety will address the following:
• Determination of acceptable levels and unacceptable levels
for food safety risks or hazards
• Identification of mitigation strategies for the identified risks
• Development of a food safety plan or HACCP plan to ad-
dress the risk
• Implementation of the food safety plan or HACCP plan
• Determination of the effectiveness of the food safety plan
or HACCP plan
• Continuous improvement of the food safety system
Risk-based thinking will be formally part of the revision of
ISO 22000. Therefore, organizations that are certified to FSSC
22000 will have to deal with this issue. In addition, “risk” is a
term that is widely used in the Food Safety Preventive Con-
trols Alliance training material for the Preventive Controls for
Human Food rule. Therefore, to ensure accurate communica-
tions with customers, suppliers, regulatory authorities or exter-
nal auditors, it is recommended that facilities adopt and use
the term “risk” in their food safety vocabulary.
One excellent source of risk as applied to food can be
found at the food risk website foodrisk.org/. This website is
operated by the Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied
Nutrition in collaboration with FDA and the U.S. Department
of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service. n
John G. Surak, Ph.D., is the principal of Surak and Associates. He is a member of
the Editorial Advisory Board of Food Safety Magazine. His website is
www.stratecon-intl.com/jsurak.html. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
1. Food Safety Preventive Controls Alliance. Hazard Control and Preventive Control for Human Food Training, 1st ed. (Bedford Park, IL, 2016).
2. Codex. 1999. Principles and Guidelines for the Conduct of Microbiological Risk Assessment, CAC/GL- 30 – 1999, Codex Alimentarius Commission,
3. ISO. 2005. ISO 22000:2005 Food Safety Management Systems – Requirements for Any Organization in the Food Chain. ISO: Geneva, Switzerland.
4. ISO. 2009. ISO 31000:2009 Risk Management – Principles and Guidelines. ISO: Geneva, Switzerland.
5. Yoe, C. Principles of Risk Analysis (Boca Raton, Fl: CRC Press, 2012).
(continued from page 23)
CTC Plastics is pleased to announce its line of reusable
plastic nestable pallets made from 100 percent recycled
plastic. These reusable plastic pallets are a low-cost alternative
to wood pallets. They are lightweight, easy to handle and
feature a strong, one-piece design. They do not have nails,
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CTC Plastics, 937.228.2880 • www.ctcplastics.com
Hygienic Positive-Displacement Pump
SPX FLOW has announced the
release of a new series of positive-displacement pumps, the Universal 3 Series, from its Waukesha
Cherry-Burrell brand. The pumps are
designed with key features, including
a robust, front-loading seal design
to deliver new levels of sanitary performance and increased
uptime. The pumps are 3-A certified and can be cleaned in
place. The front-loaded seals are easy to maintain, reduce
maintenance times and are available in a choice of materials and types, including single and double mechanical and
O-ring versions to suit a wide variety of process applications.
SPX FLOW, 704.752.4400 • www.spxflow.com
Sesotec’s RAYCON D X-ray scanners are primarily used for
the final inspection of packed products and allow high-preci-sion, in-line detection of a large variety of contaminants, such
as magnetic and nonmagnetic metals, glass, ceramics, stones,
raw bones and several types of plastics. These product inspection systems combine proven X-ray technology with hygienic
design and ease of operation. Furthermore, the conveyor belt
in the RAYCON D system can be replaced without using
tools within 2 minutes by a single operator.
Sesotec, 224.208.1900 • www.sesotec.us/en/home-us/
Urethane Cement for Plant Flooring
LATICRETE, a manufacturer of construc-
tion solutions for the building industry,
has introduced SPARTACOTE™ urethane
cement to provide food and beverage
manufacturing facility managers with
a durable, high-performance flooring
system. Available in various colors and textures for enhanced
aesthetic appeal, this cement offers protection from extreme
abrasion and chemical attack, and protects against continu-
ous thermal shock as experienced in spaces such as brewer-
ies and commercial kitchens.
LATICRETE, 800.243.4788 • laticrete.com/